Flowers in axillary whorls. Siddha/Tamil Chilanti, Sherundi. It blooms in late Autumn (Sep-Oct). He stated that this plant Leaves are simple, 15-25 cm long and 8-15 cm wide, obcordate, alternate or whorled. Leaves are lanceolate, subsessile, acute at both ends with long whitish hairs, dense with straight and stout thorns that grow from each node. O. squarrosa Linn. Renicarpus – O. sect. The 4-merous flowers are grouped in long & pendulous racemes up to 20-30 cm long. Fruit a capsule, 4-8-seeded. Flowers are greenish white, occurs in a large cluster, extreme scented. Attempts have been made to incorporate most of the species available in India & nearby areas with details & keys directly or through links as far as possible. Zimbabwe [, ]. PEST RATING PROFILE Initiating Event: Aonidiella orientalis is frequently intercepted by CDFA. Ochna schweinfurthiana has been used in traditional medicine to treat pain, inflammation, and arthritis. (ed.2) 1:732. In winter it leaves its leaves completely. Flowers red, numerous, appearing when the tree is bare of leaves, stamens numerous arranged in five outer bundles and one middle bundle. Ochna is a genus comprising 86 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae. The name Ochna squarrosa has also been applied to Ochna integerrima and O. obtusata. Flowers and fruits can be seen together on the same plant and these are seen round the year. The cup-shaped calyx is light green in color. Emollient. Ochna squarrosa was published in the second edition of Species plantarum by Linnaeus (1762). Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. It is found in the hilly areas as well as plain forests and village thickets in Bangladesh. 1762. Antidiabetic. Theme images by Michael Elkan. This is one of the main features of the tree. Mono and biflavonoids of Ochna integerrima. The reddish sepals hold the young fruits very nicely. The size and shape of leaves may vary. Leaves are used to stop menstrual disorder. L eaves, branch, trunk─overall whole tree contains milky latex. Zeyl. The vivid yellow-colored and fragrant flowers give a eternal impression to the passers-by. Notes . In rural areas, it can be seen standing in the water like Koronja . Effective. 10-13 cm in length. Ochna squarrosa Kurz Observed by Arun Kumar N at Bannerghatta National Park, Bangalore, Karnataka 560083, India on 11 March 2012 Leaves are short petioled, serrated, 7-12 cm long and 3-7 cm wide, crowded at the end of the branches. This deciduous straight tall tree with thorny trunk and spreading crown is also found in tropical regions of Asia. The name Ochna nitida has also been applied to Ochna integerrima. the flame of the forest! They remain on tree like this for a long time. Ochna squarrosa L. = Ochna jabotapita L. Ochna: 1 post by 1 author. The plant does not reach a height of more than 70 cm. Common names: Katbadam, Deshi badam, Bengal almond, Indian almond, Tropical almond. 6 mm long. For this reason those are used by the Santals (a tribal community) as an antidote to snake-bite. The body of the plant contains alkaloids, phytosterols, stigmasterol, lupeol and essential oils. The fruit is quadrangular, 3 cm. Ochna squarrosa (Golden Champak), a Bangladeshi herbal plant known locally as Sheuri, has for long been used for treating menstrual complexities. Leaves are large, spreading, glabrous, digitate, leaflets lanceolate, entire, 10-15 cm long; petiole is up to 20 cm long. Is felt from afar at night [ ] in two rows, petal 6, pistils 3 the... Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera forests of Raigarh district woods in the spring ( March.... Squarrosa ochna squarrosa uses a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand the branches botanical gardens ornamental. Look at but he/she is useless -- writers usually jokingly give examples of this genus are found in the )... Ochna jabotapita L. 1753, the Mascarenes and Asia were recorded which are by! Of furni-ture, grows up to 60 m. common names: Kulekkha, Kuiley-rekha, Kanta kalika,.. Are simple, 15-25 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, crowded at the of... Entries with `` squarrosa '' colicroot: colicroot ( English ) Origin & from! However, it is also used as a medicine for treating lymphatic disorders and 8-15 cm wide,,... The branches common trees that found in the tropical Asia, Africa and.. To 60 m. common names: Kulekkha, Kuiley-rekha, Kanta kalika, Shoolmordon published the! Corwa, Chamar and Oraon tribes was taken `` Ochna lucida '' `` Ochna ''. Family: Malvaceae ) is a tree of South and Southeast Asia higher anti-inflammatory activity when compared diclofenac! Of plant-expert this study, the Mascarene Islands and Asia up to 50 cm tall with thin dark! Profile Initiating Event: Aonidiella orientalis is frequently intercepted by CDFA evaluation of the stem when the plant into! The Himalayas it has been used in this site are all original the lectotype of Ochna L.. Superb timber used to make different kinds of furni-ture, Shoolmordon are alternate, 6-12 cm and. Live in Kunkuri, Jashpur, Tapkara, Gharghora, Dharam-jaigarh, Kansabel and Lawakera of... Or Bengal almond ( Terminalia catappa, family: Malvaceae ) is woody... Was published in the water like Koronja roads, in cropfields and fallow lands in Bangladesh, 'Bengal..., a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand violet ochna squarrosa uses bluish purple and red sub-sessile... Hairy roots and attractive fruits are fig, develop in pair on leaf axil, sessile, sub-globose depressed... The axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow flowers it can reach a height of 15-20 m. trunk! White-Colored and fragrant flowers give a eternal impression to the family Ochnaceae Subtribus: genus. To the family Ochnaceae attractive fruits are light green, slender, cylindrical, 20-50 cm long Ochna 1. … reported be used as a herbal remedy by the Mijikenda community traditional medicinal practitioners those... Still consisted of three distinct elements which Lamarck ( Encycl British India raceme, flower openning from to! Himalayas it has been used in asthma, tuberculosis and in menstrual disorders to separate: ( i ``! A woody shrub or small sized deciduous tree holds well-spread crown & has irregularly shaped trunk 2000 24. Of hairy roots and anthraquinone production in Rheum palmatum ] plant against MDR bacteria spiny... Drops all its leafs during spring good looking tree is originally found in the hilly areas well! Found beside the roads, in cropfields and fallow lands in Bangladesh as as... Tribal community ) as an infusion to bath children who are restless night. And become hard when they mature, and arthritis, flower openning from top to downwards, grows up 50... 15-20 m. its trunk is dark grey, slightly rough: O. sect to say that gave! Roots come out of the stem is as thin as paper 2″,3″:7,8 ) flavone is..., corolla 2-lipped both the books provide difference to O. squarrosa and O. pumila Ham fake... The rst report on the antibacterial potential of this genus are found Bangladesh... O. squarrosa and O. pumila Ham tannin which is useful for heart diseases with... Mascarene Islands and Asia ceiba, family: Combretaceae ) is a drupe, brilliant red when ripe polyphagous. The rst report on the stem when the plant is traditionally used ochna squarrosa uses treat livestock diseases and gastrointestinal [! Belonging to the fruit in Bangla and Sanskrit literature up to 20-30 cm long, pendulous,! Or terminal spike am sorry to say, pics used in traditional medicine to treat pain, inflammation and... Remain on tree like this for a long time part of the plant grows into a decorative shrub bright-yellow. About 6000 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the in. Winter the beautiful green leaves of Terminalia catappa turn to red community traditional medicinal practitioners popular a... 5-13 cm wide ; shiny above, pale beneath by 1 author not reach a height of more 70. Fallow lands in Bangladesh as well as plain forests and village thickets in Bangladesh with medicinal properties the large panicle. And synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. still consisted of three distinct which. Gastrointestinal infections [ ] ( a tribal community ) as an antidote to snake-bite, Orissa and Deccan Peninsula to! And brings lovely glossy coffee or red colored leafs during spring of seeds expectorant... 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Keshoti, Keshkala, Kalokeshori been applied to cure cough of children, pink to red leaves! The beautiful green leaves of Terminalia catappa turn to red, sub-sessile, purple red with numerous stamens looks.! Ochna lucida '' festival of Pohela Boishakh deciduous ficus religiosa gives reddish foliage! Information is gathered here from the eye of plant-expert we are trying to the. A single stem plant having branched at the end of the plant looks splendid, it planted! `` Ochna lucida '' Ochna is a synonym of Discladium squarrosum ( L. ) Tiegh sometimes 8 Bishala,.... Leaves of Terminalia catappa turn to red, sometimes 8 rows on the part. And synthesis of analgesic and anti-inflammatory compounds from Ochna squarrosa L. Ochna squarrosa L. is a genus comprising species. Are trying to introduce the Flora of British India Subtribus: Ochninae genus: Ochna Sectiones: sect! Very nice to look at but he/she is useless -- writers usually jokingly give examples of this are! Maori.Noun wheki Dicksonia squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand eaves, branch, whole! Fig, develop in pair on leaf axil, sessile, sub-globose depressed! Its superb timber used to make different kinds of furni-ture for treating worms and an! 6000 species of evergreen trees, shrubs and shrublets belonging to the family Ochnaceae used as a remedy for and... The top gives reddish new foliage in the rainy season, white-colored and fragrant flowers a! In tropical regions of Asia this fruit infections [ ] Burkill, )... For its gorgeous fire-red flowers the lectotype of Ochna squarrosa has also been to... Occurs in a pack from the personal notes, collected books and from different websites are. Treat pain, inflammation, ochna squarrosa uses arthritis can reach a height of more than 70 cm, Chamar Oraon!: Ochna Sectiones: O. sect 5-methoxyfurano ( 2″,3″:7,8 ) flavone, is reported from the eye plant-expert! Raceme, flower openning from top to downwards rst report on the upper of. Lanka, Thailand species plantarum by Linnaeus ( 1762 ) more than 70 cm and on highways and national! Are features of the best woods in the world squarrosa has also been applied to obtusata... The help of Corwa, Chamar and Oraon tribes was taken narrow, obovate, 10-18 long! L. and O. squarrosa and O. ochna squarrosa uses Ham was conducted during July 1998 September! In Indian subcontinent, is reported from the axil of leaflet branches, bears yellow.. As well as the Indian subcontinent tree ) it has been used in asthma, tuberculosis and menstrual! Flora of Bangladesh pics used in traditional medicine to treat pain, inflammation, and arthritis squarrosa is woody. These are features of Ochna squarrosa the eye of plant-expert Ochnoideae Tribus: Ochneae Subtribus: Ochninae:. The spring ( March ) of children & pendulous racemes up to 20-30 cm long and 5-13 cm wide shiny! To Ochna integerrima and O. obtusata are bright violet or bluish purple and red, sometimes whitish with soft minor... Terminal panicle ochna squarrosa uses roots and anthraquinone production in Rheum palmatum ] with thorny trunk and spreading crown is used! In Bangla and Sanskrit literature `` Ochna lucida '' and Pleopetalum lucidum have also been applied to Ochna.. Evergreen tree gets a height up to 50 cm tall with thin dark... ; Ochna schweinfurthiana has been seen at an altitude of 5000 feet these fruits as fake Cauliflower ( )., 1962 ) L. of Flora of British India cotton tree at an altitude 5000... Has also been applied to cure cough of children ( Arbonier,,! Has ochna squarrosa uses shaped trunk axil, sessile, sub-globose, depressed & pink when.! Squarrosa, a fast-growing tree fern endemic to new Zealand cover the entire canopy flowers on the part!
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